By David Chandler
From precedent days, Europe has been formed and re-shaped through army campaigns related to greater than 2000 battles. With assistance from a workforce of members, David Chandler has assembled a accomplished consultant to 245 battlefields, giving uncomplicated proof relating to situation, old context and the target of every engagement, information of the opposing forces, casualties and consequence, and an invaluable bibliography bearing on each one.
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Extra resources for A Guide to the Battlefields of Europe
A Soldier's Story, London, 1949. Eisenhower, D. , Crusade in Europe, London, 1948. , 'The Fatal Decisions', (Part VI), London, 1956. Biography: MacDonald, C. , The Battle of the Bulge, London, 1984; Pallud, J. , Ardennes, 1944: Riper and Skorzeny, London, 1987. T h r o u g h o u t November 1944 Eisenhower continued his efforts to close w i t h t h e R h i n e on a b r o a d front. T h e 80-mile Ardennes sector was thinly held by the U . S . 8th Corps 9 consisting of 2 veteran divisions, a fledgling divisions and an inexperienced armoured division.
Headquarters were given deceptive signs. Panzer officers were even dressed as infantry. Night fighters were flown overhead to drown the noise of the move up of the artillery. Newly arrived divisions were marched north and east in daylight and then doubled back on their tracks at night. Non-German soldiers were evacuated from the front line. Full advantage was taken of the long hours of darkness. The Germans waited for a period of bad weather. Low cloud on 12 December and for the next week hampered Allied air reconnaissance.
At this point Blücher's advance guard was at Charleroi, but his army as a whole was spread over the area Charléroi-Liège. On 16 June Napoleon attacked Blücher's army, still not fully concentrated, at Ligny, some 10 miles north-east of Charleroi. But the Prussian army, though driven back, was not fully engaged and withdrew in comparatively good order. Moreover, instead of withdrawing eastwards, away from Wellington, Blücher retreated northwards towards Wavre, fully complying with the agreement reached between himself and Wellington that they would not allow their armies to lose contact.
A Guide to the Battlefields of Europe by David Chandler