Download PDF by Baruch Elimelech: A tonal grammar of Etsakọ

By Baruch Elimelech

ISBN-10: 0520095766

ISBN-13: 9780520095762

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Extra info for A tonal grammar of Etsakọ

Example text

Bill may know French. Bill will know French. …for Bill to know French… …with Bill knowing French… …knowing French, (Bill…) Three-place verbs In addition to two-place verbs there are threeplace verbs, which denote a situation connecting three participants: Figure 15 Two-place verbs Eat is a verb that relates two participants; we can say that it is a two-place verb. Here are some other two-place verbs together with possible participants in the situation: tell (the witness, a lie) write (my solicitor, a letter) bring (the paperboy, today’s Guardian) know (Bill, French) build (the Pharaohs, the pyramids) It will be noticed that the kinds of situations that these verbs denote are extremely miscellaneous; eating is a very different kind of process from knowing, and both of these are very different from building.

It cannot substitute for uncountables; so it would not be possible to say This porridge is too hot; have you got some cool one? (cf. ) (Exercise 26 is on p. ) Nouns and noun phrases Determiners as heads Determiners may be used as heads, as in the following examples: Some arrived this morning I have never seen many He gave us two Like third person pronouns, these force us to refer back in the context to see what is being referred to. ’. But there is a difference. g. g. some applications). g. g. g.

Thus we can use a noun phrase with a common noun head as subject. It is clear that The dog barks and The hostess sparkles are expressions that have a truth value exactly like the expressions that have a personal pronoun as subject. By itself, the expression the dog cannot Verbs and verb phrases be interpreted as making a claim; all we could say in response is something like What about it? At the very least, the utterance of the words the dog would have to be accompanied by a gesture such as pointing.

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A tonal grammar of Etsakọ by Baruch Elimelech


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