By Norman McCord
This absolutely revised and up to date version of Norman McCord's authoritative creation to nineteenth-century British background has been prolonged to hide the interval as much as the outbreak of the 1st international warfare in 1914. The authors chart the advance of a contemporary country built with a wide and increasing forms, the growth of in a foreign country territories into one of many world's maximum empires, and adjustments in faith, social attitudes, and culture.British heritage 1815-1914, moment variation, divides the period into 4 chronological classes, with chapters at the political historical past, administrative improvement, and social, financial, and cultural alterations in each one interval. This re-creation explores such significant subject matters because the immense raise in inhabitants, the query of sophistication, the scope of kingdom job, and the advance of consumerism, rest, and leisure. that includes a opt for bibliography and biographical appendix, this quantity presents the last word creation to British background among the tip of the Napoleonic Wars and the outbreak of the 1st global battle.
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Extra resources for British History 1815-1914 (Short Oxford History of the Modern World)
They believed that it ought to be possible to manipulate even the reduced peacetime revenue to encourage prosperity in the interests of the whole national community. At the same time, unlike many taxpayers, the ministers could see that it was impossible to reduce taxes to the low pre-war levels, if only because of the huge sums which must now be allotted to service the swollen National Debt. At the end of the war, although the bulk of the State’s revenue came from indirect taxation in various forms, there remained the direct property or income tax which had been imposed on the wealthier sectors of society as a wartime expedient.
The Lords’ protest against the 1815 Corn Laws is reproduced in N. McCord, Free Trade (1970), 46–9. Political developments, 1815–1830 21 During the difﬁcult years to come, the Liverpool government could rely on the fact that what was seen as mob violence alienated moderate opinion and swung support towards the ministry. With the ﬁnal enactment of the Corn Law towards the end of March 1815 that particular tumult subsided, but the focus of disorder now shifted to the provinces. A rapid reduction in the Royal Navy, and the paying off of the large ﬂeet of hired merchant shipping which the war effort had required, was made necessary by the clamour for economy.
With evidence of disorder and subversion duly submitted, these committees reported in favour of legislative action which ministers could then proffer as meeting the wishes of the legislature. The most important new weapon given to government was the temporary power to imprison without trial persons suspected of treasonable activities; the government’s own attitude here was indicated by Liverpool’s admission in the Lords that this power was ‘most odious’, only to be justiﬁed by clear necessity. Other Acts strengthened the law against attacks on the Prince Regent, provided stiff penalties for attempts to subvert members of the armed forces, and extended the powers of magistrates to prohibit meetings thought to be seditious.
British History 1815-1914 (Short Oxford History of the Modern World) by Norman McCord