By Kim McCone
The current paintings has been produced with the first objective of offering freshmen of previous Irish with a comparatively narrow yet self-contained reference grammar interspersed as often as attainable with definitely graded readings drawn from unique assets and followed through a accomplished vocabulary on the finish of the e-book. The readings were chosen which will illustrating quite a lot of medieval Irish literary genres and are preceded, the place deemed applicable, through short introductions offering a few historical past info. The grammar and reader isn't essentially meant as a self-tutor, even supposing the linguistically skilled may perhaps end up in a position to utilizing it this fashion. really it's been designed with previous and/or center Irish classes taught by means of correctly certified academics in brain, both because the uncomplicated path booklet or as a complement to, say, Quin's Workbook or Strachan's Paradigms and Glosses. In a few chapters no less than, the quantity of examining fabric supplied may be extra huge than is functional inside a given time-frame yet if so the instructor shouldn't have any trouble in opting for a selected piece or specific items for paintings in school.
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Additional info for A First Old Irish Grammar and Reader: Including an Introduction to Middle Irish (Maynooth Medieval Irish Texts)
More often than not, morphological, semantic and distributional evidence will converge to corroborate postulation of a functional category. (i) Semantic arguments A first type of evidence for postulating functional projections is semantic. The line of reasoning is roughly as follows. Lexical categories may be taken to express certain concepts, but in the context of clauses, these ‘lexical’ concepts are associated with additional notions. The idea is then that these additional notions are encoded in functional heads that are associated with the lexical head in question.
In the nominal system we can apply the same reasoning. ). Since such information is not an inherent part of the noun, it is proposed that there is a specialized head D to encode the referential status of the nominal projection. D selects NP as its complement and projects DP. From the early days of the DPhypothesis, D has been linked with encoding reference. It has also often been observed that projections headed by nouns may function either as arguments or as predicates, in the latter case the constituent is not referential.
Now consider (10b): (10) b The [N cats] [V drink] the [N milk]. Here we find an ending -s on the N cat. Again the -s ending is not an intrinsic part of the noun, in (10b), for instance, there is no such ending. The -s ending is added to the noun to encode plural. Though this ending expresses Number, and is a functional element added to the lexical head, the number ending on the N is not uninterpretable: informally speaking, cat differs from cats in that the former denotes one entity with the relevant properties to qualify as a ‘cat’ and the latter denotes a plurality of such entities.
A First Old Irish Grammar and Reader: Including an Introduction to Middle Irish (Maynooth Medieval Irish Texts) by Kim McCone