New PDF release: A grammar of Eastern Khanty

By Andrey Yury Filchenko

A reference grammar of the endangered indigenous japanese Khanty dialects of Vasyugan and Alexandrovo of the Uralic language relations has been constructed. The examine bases at the corpus of common narrative discourse, and is determined in a basic cognitive-functional, usage-based version of language. the outline addresses the most styles of the jap Khanty language process and provides a few typological contextualization of the reviewed language info. the outline covers the problems in phonology, word-classes, morphology, syntax and semantics of straightforward and complicated clauses. within the zone of phonology, such systematic beneficial properties as strong backness vowel concord and consonant-vowel concord are analyzed within the articulatory gesture framework. Morphologically, the method is agglutinating with suffixation dominant in derivation and inflection. Syntactically, japanese Khanty styles as a customary SOV language. Occasional non-prototypical positive factors contain non-canonical argument marking alongside ergative development opposed to the overall history of Nom-Acc method of GR association. In mapping of the pragmatic functions---to semantic roles---to grammatical kin, japanese Khanty indicates powerful choice in the direction of Topic-initiality, in general mapped onto Agent semantic position. This choice continues to be dominant in detransitivisation operations, the place the prototypical mapping is altered in the direction of Topic-Target-S that in most cases has to do with the parenthetical demotion of pragmatic prestige of the Agent referent and merchandising of the non-Agent. research of japanese Khanty advanced clauses unearths powerful use of finite and non-finite (participial, infinitival and converbial) structures as relative, adverbial and supplement clauses in typologically universal techniques of clause-linking. conventional discrete differentiation into subordinate and coordinate forms in line with morphosyntactic standards seems insufficient, divorced from the structural variety of the saw complicated clauses. Cognitive-functional strategy is used in its place, implying a common means of construal of associated occasions, attractive to cognitive family members among states-of-affairs, instead of specific structural ability. This ends up in a continuum of combinable positive factors finding each one clause relating to both the subordinate or coordinate prototypes. Clause-linkage suggestions are with regards to the pragmatic differentiation of knowledge in utterances, with pragmatics, details structuring elements being on the center of the excellence among the subordination and coordination.

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Extra resources for A grammar of Eastern Khanty

Sample text

E seul : be (bii) (être), even (ii-ven) (même), evening (ii-v’nign) (soir) ߜ e doublé : bee (bii) (abeille), reed (riid) (roseau), eel (iil) (anguille), employee (èm-ploï-ii) (employé), see (sii) (voir), breeze (briiz) (brise) ߜ ei : receive (ri-siiv) (recevoir) ߜ ie : believe (bi-liiv) (croire) ߜ ea : reveal (ri-viil) (révéler), read (riid) (lire), sea (sii) (mer), heal (h’iil) (guérir), heat (h’iit) (forte chaleur) ߜ eo : people (pii-pel) (personnes) La voyelle e peut produire un son e bref (è) quand elle n’est associée à aucune autre voyelle, mais aussi quand elle précède un a.

La combinaison de voyelles ou est utilisée pour représenter un son unique comme dans cou, pou, fou, très fréquent en anglais. Exemple : foot (fout) (pied). ) ߜ La combinaison de voyelles ae est utilisée pour représenter le son de voyelle brève de l’anglais britannique que comportent de nombreux mots comme duck (daek) (canard), bug (baeg) (insecte), rust (raest) (rouille), mais aussi enough (i-naef) (assez), tongue (taegn) (langue). Ce son n’existe pas en français : il est intermédiaire entre le « a » de mat et le « e » de je (autrement dit le schwa).

Sa prononciation est différente en anglais britannique et en anglais américain. L’anglais britannique utilise un son intermédiaire entre le « a » de « mat » et le « e » de que, je, me. L’anglais américain utilise le son neutre e. ߜ up (aep [UK], ep [US]) (en haut) ߜ bus (baes [UK], bes [US]) (autobus) ߜ much study (maetch stae-di [UK], metch ste-di [US]) (beaucoup d’étude) ߜ suddenly (sae-den’-li [UK], se-den’-li [US]) (soudainement) ߜ under (aen’-dee [UK], en’-dee) (sous) Chapitre 1 : Bases de la prononciation de l’anglais Garder le rythme Le rythme et la musique d’une langue lui confèrent sa vie et sa personnalité.

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A grammar of Eastern Khanty by Andrey Yury Filchenko

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