By Alan Graham
The paleoecological heritage of the Americas is as advanced because the sector is large: stretching from the Arctic Circle to Tierra del Fuego, the hot international good points one of the most awesome crops on this planet. yet formerly it has lacked a whole ordinary background. Alan Graham treatments that with A usual background of the hot global. With crops as his medical muse, Graham lines the evolution of ecosystems, starting within the past due Cretaceous interval (about a hundred million years in the past) and finishing within the current, charting their responses to adjustments in geology and weather. by means of highlighting plant groups’ roles within the environmental background of the Americas, Graham bargains an past due stability to average histories that spotlight solely on animals. crops are very important in evolution’s appropriate drama. not just are they conspicuous and comfortably desk bound parts of the Earth’s ecosystems, yet their wide fossil list makes it possible for an intensive reconstruction of the planet’s paleoenvironments. What’s extra, vegetation supply oxygen, functionality as foodstuff and gasoline, and supply habitat and take care of; briefly, theirs is a heritage which can communicate to many different parts of evolution. A common heritage of the hot international is an bold and unheard of synthesis written by means of one of many world’s top students of botany and geology.
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Extra info for A Natural History of the New World: The Ecology and Evolution of Plants in the Americas
Evolution faster when it’s warmer. stm. ” See also Gillman et al. ] Gillman, L. , D. J. Keeling, H. A. Ross, and S. D. Wright. 2009. Latitude, elevation and the tempo of molecular evolution in mammals. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. full. Graham, A. 1999. Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic history of North American vegetation. Oxford University Press, Oxford. ———. 2010. Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic history of Latin American vegetation and terrestrial environments. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. Gröcke, D.
Cabinet of Natural Curiosities: The complete plates in color, 1734–1765, by Albertus Seba. Taschen, Cologne. Pennisi, E. 2009. On the origin of ﬂowering plants. Science 324:28–31. Primack, R. , and A. J. Miller-Rushing. 2009. The role of botanical gardens in climate change research. New Phytologist 182:303–13. Ramírez, S. , B. Gravendeel, R. B. Singer, C. R. Marshall, and N. E. Pierce. 2007. Dating the origin of the Orchidaceae from a fossil orchid with its pollinator. Nature 448:1042–45. ”] Stevens, R.
In a twist of fate with great political and economic consequences, the United States Congress met on 9 May 1902 to choose between the ﬁnal candidates of Nicaragua and Panama. The day before, on 8 May, Mt. Pelée on the Lesser Antilles island of Martinique erupted, and with the devastation so vividly evident, the more quiescent Panama was selected as the safer route. Just north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec is the Sierra Madre del Sur. These mountains probably originated as an offshore island arc and were added onto the mainland in the Late Cretaceous.
A Natural History of the New World: The Ecology and Evolution of Plants in the Americas by Alan Graham