By Morton S. Freeman
Do you approve of censoring the works of serious writers? a few may perhaps contend that to bowdlerize a superb writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, might argue that each one modest humans will be in a position to learn an exceptional paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and thanks to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous together with his identify. then again, the note bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing swimsuit for women--has been a linguistic secret on the grounds that 1947 whilst those fits have been first obvious at the shores of the French Riviera, a 12 months after the us started checking out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few surprised humans acknowledged that the impression of the scanty go well with on male seashore loungers used to be just like the devastating influence of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! a less complicated and extra credible idea is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn via girls at the Bikini atoll.
Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened which means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a observe derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a renowned diner menu merchandise produced from universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English health care provider who promoted a nutrition of flooring pork.
A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of countless numbers of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an enjoyable and anecdotal type, and with a foreword by way of Edwin Newman, the ebook features a short biography of the person whose identify turned linked to an merchandise or suggestion in addition to info on how and while the identify entered the language.
If you've ever puzzled simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robot come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to lifestyles.
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Additional info for A New Dictionary of Eponyms
In that play an innkeeper was called Boniface, Latin for "do good," because it was believed that Pope Boniface VI, whose reign in 896 of only fifteen days, promised an indulgence for anyone who would drink to his health. This may have been the reason an innkeeper in the play was called Boniface. During the early times of stagecoach travel, the innkeeper was likely to greet guests at his door to welcome them. The word Boniface was given the innkeeper, and it stuck. The word applies equally well to proprietors of nightclubs, hotels, or restaurants.
Abraham Lincoln said that he was the only man he knew who could snatch defeat from the jaws of victory. Burnside was bumble-headed and undoubtedly the least distinguished general in the Union Army. He committed so many military errors that the war would have been lost had he not been replaced before resigning his commission. But Burnside lived on, not because of his surname but because he had cultivated side whiskers, a luxuriant growth of muttonchop whiskers called burnsides. Men, particularly young men, liked the look.
S. Booz of Kentucky. " It certainly didn't harm the candidacy of Abraham Lincoln. In any event, booze, with a lower-case b, has a fixed place in the English language. BORGIA, NEPOTISM Lu rezia and Cesare Borgia, sister and brother, were members of an unscrupulous family in which compassion and humane behavior played no part. There is little doubt in the minds of historians that they committed many murders, usually by poisoning, although this belief has never been proved by hard evidence. The Borgias were supposed to have possessed a secret, fatal recipe that they served to foes and unwanted guests alike.
A New Dictionary of Eponyms by Morton S. Freeman